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Antarctica was discovered by a ship from Blyth, Northumberland...

Almost 200 years ago Antarctica was discovered from a ship built in the small North East town of Blyth, Northumberland.

The Williams was built and owned by a Captain William Smith a man born and raised in Blyth. On the anniversary of this British achievement in 2019 it is The Williams Expedition aim to build a modern replica of the Williams in Blyth to recreate the original expedition with a local crew.

The expedition aims to showcase the North Easts talent, engineering and technology on a world stage and in conjunction with Newcastle University undertake meaningful marine science.

Current Status

We are currently renovating our Williams II in preparation for leaving the UK in August 2019.

Senior crew selections have begun, and we are in the midst of fundraising the final funds to make the expedition to Antarctica a reality.

If you are interested in finding our more about our expedition whether as possible, sponsor or potential crew member please email Paul Cosgrove at info@williams-expedition.com.


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This is a spar that extends from the bow of the ship. This under tension through the the forward halyards and helps keep the ship under and masts under tension when in full sail.

Fore Staysail

This is the triangular foresail just forward of the mast.

Rat Lines

Pronounced 'Rattlins' these of lengths of thin line tied between the shrouds that form a ladder. Traditionally used by sailors to climb the mast in order raise square sails, on the Williams they are sometimes used to help rig the boat or free any twisted rope high in the mast.

Main Mast

Essentially a shaped pine tree the main mast is a massive object that runs deep into the hull of the boat. It supports 4 sails in total and a huge amount of weight when under sail.

Gaff Throat

This guides the Main Gaff up the main mast.

Main Gaff Spar

The main gaff is hoisted BY the 'Topping Lift'. This often takes up to 6 crew to hoist. The Main gaff is a huge spar and thats really appreciated when one ties to lift it!

Flying Jib

When this sail is up it is the foremost sail of the boat and outer most of 3 jibs in total. Always exciting climbing along the bowsprit as the sail is raised or lowered.


The engine of the boat and provides a huge amount of power when under sail.

Main Boom

The main boom holds the main sail outstretched. Its only when it is lifted and sailing when you truly appreciate the size of spar this is!

Mizzen Mast

Constructed from pine the two main masts are incredible pieces of wood. Trees that have been chosen for their straightness and free from imperfections.

Mizzen Gaff

The gaff is a a spar that holds the head of the sail. It takes 6 crew to hoist the gaff and raise or lower the sails.

Mizzen Sail

The secondary sail of the boat and can provide some considerable power. Both the main sails can be reefed to reduce sail area in heavy weather.

Mizzen Boom

The boom holds the mizzen sail outstretched. The Mizzen is teh secondary main sail of the boat. Often the first sail to go up.


Used to hold the R.I.B (Rigid, Inflatable, Boat).

Inner Jib

Second triangular foresail.

Blyth Tall Ship Building

The Ridley Family

The estate was acquired by the Ridley family who enlarged the quays and started manufacturing salt on a large scale.

Coal and salt

Customs books from 1723 record trade consisting of solely coal and salt.

Early ship building.

Earliest record of a ship being built at Blyth. The vessel was the 44 ton sloop 'Constant Ann'.

First Breakwater.

The first breakwater was established which was a roughly built stone structure intended to break the force of the sea in an easterly gale. It was known as North Dyke.

The First Staiths

The first staiths were built with an elevated loading point. High Lighthouse was also built which served untill 1984.


A poem is printed entitled 'A tribute to the Memory of Captain George Robinson'.

More and more vessels.

An increasing number of vessels were using the river. This led to the purchase of a steam vessel to tow sail vessels back to the sea.


Shipbuilding continues with three shipyards operating. The site became known as Wimbourne Quay.

Blyth Lifeboat

Blyth's first lifeboat is established.

Railway links

Blyth & Tyne Railway Company built the first rail linked staith on teh south side of the river resulting in coal shipments growing rapidly over the next few years to around 200,000 tons per annum.

First ferry.

The first chain ferry, known as Low Ferry, started operating. This ran for 23 years.

Port Management

"As trade continued to develop, growth clearly had to be managed. In 1854 the Blyth Harbour and Dock company was formed, given powers to develop the port and to levy dues and charges."

Harbour dredging.

The Harbour Act was passed allowing the dredging of the Harbour to really begin.

Further improvements

Further improvements to the harbour were carried out.

Iron Ships

The first two iron ships, known as hoppers, were built for the Russian Government by Messrs Hodgson & Soulsby at Cowpen Square. Launch dates were 22nd & 27th April.

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The connection between Blyth and Antarctica is a fascinating one. The community initiative utilising its rich history of exploration to transform young lives raised in difficult circumstances is a truly inspiring endeavour. I am delighted and honoured to give it my enthusiastic support. 

Sir Chris Bonington

Tall ships, adventure and active learning, all aimed at getting young people in to new jobs. This is an inspirational project for Northumberland and we should all back it.

The Duchess of Northumberland

This is an exceptional project. This story of the British first sighting of the Antarctic land mass deserves to be celebrated.

Sir Ranulph Fiennes

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